140 cm FL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 3669)); max. published weight: 60.3 kg (Ref. 40637); max. reported age: 9 years (Ref. 72462)
- IGFA 2001 Database of IGFA angling records until 2001. IGFA, Fort Lauderdale, USA. (Ref. 40637)
- Altman, P.L. and D.S. Dittmer 1962 Growth, including reproduction and morphological development. Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology. (Ref. 72462)
- Torres, F.S.B. Jr. 1991 Tabular data on marine fishes from Southern Africa, Part II: Growth parameters. Fishbyte 9(2):37-38. (Ref. 3669)
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