150 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 30578)); max. published weight: 45.0 kg (Ref. 7248); max. reported age: 21 years (Ref. 48)
- Shireman, J.V. and C.R. Smith 1983 Synopsis of biological data on the grass carp, Ctenopharyngodon idella (Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1884). FAO Fish. Synop. No.135, 86 p. (Ref. 48)
- Skelton, P.H. 1993 A complete guide to the freshwater fishes of southern Africa. Southern Book Publishers. 388 p. (Ref. 7248)
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