Current velocities range from 0.6 m/s to 1.8 m/s. Feeding and spawning migrations depending on water temperature and water level are reported. The juveniles winter in deep holes in the river bed.
- Shireman, J.V. and C.R. Smith 1983 Synopsis of biological data on the grass carp, Ctenopharyngodon idella (Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1884). FAO Fish. Synop. No.135, 86 p. (Ref. 48) http://www.fishbase.org/references/FBRefSummary.php?id=48&speccode=79