demersal; marine; depth range 30 - 1075 m (Ref. 58452), usually 70 - 400 m (Ref. 35388)
- Muus, B.J. and J.G. Nielsen 1999 Sea fish. Scandinavian Fishing Year Book, Hedehusene, Denmark. 340 p. (Ref. 35388)
- Lloris, D., J. Matallanas and P. Oliver 2005 Hakes of the world (Family Merlucciidae). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of hake species known to date. FAO Spec. Cat. Fish. Purp. 2:57p. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 58452)
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