Lives above the bottom and often near the surface. Young live closer to the shore. Proportion of fish in the diet increases with age (Ref. 3663).
- Svetovidov, A.N. 1986 Gadidae. p. 680-710. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the north-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. UNESCO, Paris. vol. 2. (Ref. 3663) http://www.fishbase.org/references/FBRefSummary.php?id=3663&speccode=25