An interesting variety of insects feed on Eastern Red Cedar. These species include the caterpillars of the butterfly Callophrys gryneus (Olive Hairstreak), the caterpillars of Patalene olyzonaria (Juniper Geometer) and other moths, the caterpillar-like larvae of Monoctenus fulvus (Juniper Sawfly) and Monoctenus melliceps (Arborvitae Sawfly), Phloeosinus dentatus (Eastern Juniper Bark Beetle) and Phloeosinus canadensis (Northern Cedar Bark Beetle), the larvae of several long-horned beetles, the larvae of the metallic wood-boring beetle Chrysobothris neotexana, both larvae and adults of Phyllobius intrusus (Arborvitae Weevil), the flea beetle Paria sexnotata, Parthenolecanium fletcheri (Fletcher Scale) and Carulaspis juniperi (Juniper Scale), the leafhoppers Empoasca junipera and Scaphoideus opalinus, the seed bug Eremocoris fera, Cinara juniperivora (Juniper Aphid), the stink bug Banasa packardii, several plant bugs, the larvae of Contarinia juniperina (Juniper Midge) and Oligotrophus betheli (Juniper Tip Midge), and several thrips (see the Insect Table for a more complete listing of these species). Because they are relatively high in carbohydrates and fats, the berry-like cones are eaten by many songbirds and some upland gamebirds (see Bird Table). Because of its fondness for the berry-like cones, the Cedar Waxwing was even named after this tree. Bird species that are partial to Eastern Red Cedar as a site for their nests include Cooper's Hawk, Blue Jay, Northern Mockingbird, Robin, Prairie Warbler, Pine Warbler, House Finch, Chipping Sparrow, Song Sparrow, and Field Sparrow. Because of the protective cover of the evergreen leaves, owls, sparrows, and other birds often roost in this tree. The berry-like seed cones are also eaten by the Black Bear, Gray Fox, Opossum, Eastern Chipmunk, and White-Footed Mouse. White-Tailed Deer occasionally browse on the leaves and twigs.