The flowers of Norway Maple are cross-pollinated primarily by bees, including honeybees, bumblebees, and Andrenid bees. More generally, maples (Acer spp.) are host plants of the caterpillars of Acronicta leporina (Leporina Dagger Moth) and other moths, the larvae of Anoplophora glabripennis (Asian Long-Horned Beetle) and other long-horned beetles, leafhoppers (Eratoneura spp.), and Neopulvinaria innumerabilis (Cottony Maple Scale). Among vertebrate animals, the seeds and buds are eaten by many species of birds (see Bird Table). The seeds are also eaten by the Black Bear, Raccoon, Gray Squirrel, Fox Squirrel, Eastern Chipmunk, White-Footed Mouse, and Meadow Vole. Leaves and twigs of maples are browsed by White-Tailed Deer, while the Cottontail Rabbit browses the foliage of young saplings.