Parides iphidamas is a species of butterfly in the family Papilionidae. It is commonly known as the Iphidamas Cattleheart and the Transandean Cattleheart.
- Parides iphidamas iphidamas (Fabricius, 1793) (southern Mexico to Panama)
- Parides iphidamas ayabacensis (Joicey & Talbot, 1918) (southern Ecuador to northern Peru)
- Parides iphidamas calogyna (Rothchild & Jordan, 1906) (western Ecuador)
- Parides iphidamas elatos (Rothchild & Jordan, 1906) (northwestern Colombia)
- Parides iphidamas gorgonae Vélez & Salazar, 1991 (Colombia)
- Parides iphidamas phalias (Rothchild & Jordan, 1906) (central Colombia)
- Parides iphidamas teneates (Rothchild & Jordan, 1906) (northeastern Colombia to northwestern Venezuela)
Parides iphidamas has a wingspan reaching about 10 centimetres (3.9 in). The dorsal sides of the forewings are black, with a broad blue and white spot (completely white in females), while the dorsal sides of the hindwings show a broad red band or spot. Along the edges there are many yellow small spots. The undersides of the wings are black with a white band on the forewings and several pink patches on the hindwings. The body of the butterfly is black with several red dots. The poisonous caterpillars are chocolate-brown, with white or brown protrusions resembling thorns. The host plants are various toxic Aristolochia species (Aristolochia cordiflora, A. maxima, A. odoratissma, A. pilosa, A. ringens, and A. tonduzii).
This species is native to the Central and South Americas. It occurs from Southeastern Mexico to Costa Rica, Panama and Peru.
It is common in various habitats, ranging fron open lowlands to wooded areas and tropical forests, from sea level to 1,200 meters (3,900 ft). Females mainly occur where the caterpillar host plant are located, in forest clearing and along forest edges.
- Lamas, Gerardo (2004). Atlas of Neotropical Lepidoptera; Checklist: Part4A Hesperioidea–Papilionoidea. Gainsville, Florida: Scientific Publishers, Inc. p. 93. ISBN 0-945417-28-4.