Epinephelus coioides Common Information
Epinephelus coioides has common name "Kerapu Macan" in indonesia or Orange-spotted grouper in FAO name is one of the few species among farmed grouper species. Hamilton (1822) has made Classification to this fish. There are:
Species: Epinephelus coioides
These fish have a body with common characteristics as: Body color is generally brown, but in the abdomen more brown in color. Parts of the body including the head of reddish-brown patterned spots, teeth on middle side of lower jaw in 2 rows, fourth dorsal spine usually longest, membranes of spinous portion of dorsal fin incised, caudal fin rounded, pelvic fins not reaching anus. Dorsal rays XI, 13-16, anal rays III,8, pectoral rays 18-20. Live in coastal waters around the islands to a depth of 100 m and around coral reefs, Feed on small fishes, shrimps, and crabs.
E. coioides includes a group of high-priced groupers. This is a type of grouper fish native to Indonesia who live scattered in various rocky waters of the archipelago. Besides Indonesia, the spread of this fish include waters in the Indo-Pacific region.
These fish are usually for daily consumption and also a major export commodity because it has a fairly high sales value in international market. Because this fish has a very high demand, this fish has to be cultivated using techniques of coastal aquaculture so that demand can always be covered.
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