IUCN Red List Assessment
Red List Category Year Assessed
Least Concern Red List Criteria Version
Robertson, R., Collette, B., Molina, H., Guzman-Mora, A.G., Salas, E. Reviewer/s
Carpenter, K., Polidoro, B., Livingstone, S. (Global Marine Species Assessment Team) Justification
In California this species suffered massive declines in landings data from the 1920's till the 1970's due to commercial and sports fishing. The commercial fishing decreased in the 1970's, and restrictions were brought in to fishing gears, bag limits, seasonal and fish size limits on both commercial and sports fishing. The population appears to have increased using a proxy of increased landings data form the 1970's and so the fishing is not thought to currently present a major threat. This species is listed as Least Concern. However, if fishing restrictions were lifted then the population may be affected and placed in a threatened category.