This species is threatened by habitat loss in KwaZulu-Natal, as many suitable pans and flood-plains are being altered through drainage and cultivation, and the natural flooding regime of pans in the Pongolo system has been altered by the Jozini Dam6. In southern Africa disturbance of the species is increasing at estuaries as these areas become more intensively used and developed6. The species is also susceptible to bioaccumulation of toxins in their body tissue, which may lead to a decline in reproductive success6. Destruction of nesting trees due to logging activities may be a local problem7.
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