IUCN Red List Assessment
Red List Category Year Assessed
Data Deficient Red List Criteria Version
Butler, M., Cockcroft, A., MacDiarmid, A. & Wahle, R. Reviewer/s
Collen, B., Livingstone, S. & Richman, N. Contributor/s
Batchelor, A., De Silva, R., Dyer, E., Kasthala, G., Lutz, M.L., McGuinness, S., Milligan, HT, Soulsby, A.-M. & Whitton, F. Justification
has been assessed as Data Deficient. Although this species is believed to be exploited throughout its range, there are gaps in the data relating to fishing effort, or other appropriate indexes of abundance. For the major producers of this species, both Cuban and Florida fisheries are thought to be relatively stable, however Nicaraguan, the Bahamas and Brazilian fisheries are uncertain. Further research is required to determine an appropriate index of abundance for the global population of this species, and to what extent it is impacted by harvesting and other threats within its range, before an accurate assessment can be made. With further information on catch per unit effort, it is likely that this species will be uplisted to a threat category.