IUCN Red List Assessment
Red List Category Year Assessed
Endangered Red List Criteria
Aronson, R., Bruckner, A., Moore, J., Precht, B. & E. Weil Reviewer/s
Livingstone, S., Polidoro, B. & Smith, J. (Global Marine Species Assessment) Contributor/s Justification
This species is listed as Endangered as the species is believed to have undergone a decline exceeding 50% over the past 30 years due in particular to the effects of disease and bleaching, as well as other anthropogenic-related factors. Current rates of mortality are exceeding growth and recruitment, and current threats are increasing. Due to their extreme longevity, low rates of recruitment and long generation times, scope for recovery of populations is limited. If current trends continue, this species may warrant listing in a higher category of threat.