IUCN Red List Assessment
Red List Category
Red List Criteria
Notarbartolo di Sciara, G., Serena, F. & Mancusi, C.
Fowler, S.L., Valenti, S.V. & participants of the Shark Specialist Group Northeast Atlantic workshop (Shark Red List Authority)
This huge plankton-feeding ray is the largest of the genus Mobula. It has a very low reproductive capacity (giving birth to a single huge pup at unknown intervals) and its geographic range is probably limited to offshore deepwaters of the Mediterranean (and possibly adjoining North Atlantic waters). It is taken as bycatch on longlines, in swordfish pelagic driftnets, purse seines, trawls and in fixed tuna traps, to unsustainable levels. Given high bycatch mortality, its limited reproductive capacity and range Mobula mobular is listed as Endangered A4d. More research is needed on its exploitation, distribution, biology and ecology. In particular, catch data are required, and stock assessments should be undertaken where the species is fished.