Luscinia ruficeps is known to breed at four sites in north-central Sichuan and southern Shaanxi, south-west China. In Jiuzhaigou National Park, six singing males were heard along 3-4 km of the valley near Nuorilong in 1991, and four singing males and two females were seen along c.400 m of trail in the valley above "Pearl Shoal waterfall" in June 1995. It has been recorded once in winter in peninsular Malaysia. The paucity of records suggests that it probably has a localised distribution and a small population.
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