Red List Category Year Assessed
Vulnerable Red List Criteria
Cailliet, G.M., Cavanagh, R.D., Kulka, D.W., Stevens, J.D., Soldo, A., Clo, S., Macias, D., Baum, J., Kohin, S., Duarte, A., Holtzhausen, J.A., Acuña, E., Amorim, A. & Domingo, A. Reviewer/s
Fowler, S.L., Dudley, S., Soldo, A., Francis, M. & SSG Pelagic Shark Red List Workshop participants (Shark Red List Authority) Contributor/s Justification
Shortfin Mako (Isurus oxyrinchus
) is taken by tuna and shark longline fisheries in Indonesia (White et al.
2006), and throughout many areas of its range in the Indo-West Pacific. Pelagic fisheries have operated in the Indian Ocean for more than 50 years. Sharks are targeted in several areas in this region, including off India where they are captured using hook and line and in the worlds largest mesh gillnets. Finning and discarding of carcasses has been reported, especially in offshore and high seas fisheries. Most artisanal and industrial marine fisheries in the Indian Ocean are multispecies and the state of most resources is poorly documented. A recent review of fisheries in the Indian Ocean reported that sharks in this region are considered fully to over-exploited. Its distribution overlaps many intensive pelagic fisheries in this area. Although species-specific data are not currently available from this region for evaluation, given the declines observed where it is heavily fished in the north Atlantic, declines in this area are inferred based on continuing high levels of exploitation.