is endemic to New Zealand
, and is separated into three forms - Bush, Southern and Eastern - which vary in plumage, size, range and habitat type4
. Bush Falcon (c.650 pairs) breeds in the North Island and north-western South Island. Southern Falcon (c.200 pairs) breeds in Fiordland, Stewart Island and its outliers, and the Auckland Islands1,2
. Eastern Falcon (c.3,150) is found in open terrain in the eastern South Island1,2
. It was probably once found throughout the North and South Islands, but may have never been common. Population trends are unknown but it may be declining.
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