Red List Category Year Assessed
Vulnerable Red List Criteria
BirdLife International Reviewer/s
Butchart, S., Collar, N. & Symes, A. Contributor/s
Andersen, M., Balazs, I., Burfield, I., Dixon, A., Fox, N., Galushin, V., Kamp, J., Karyakin, I., Katzner, T., Kenward, R., Kovács, A., Levin, A., Nagy, S., Nikolenko, E., Onon, Y., Pechacek, P., Potapov, E., Sandor, A., Shobrak, M. & Spasov, S. Justification
This species has been reclassified as Vulnerable because a recent analysis of all available data suggests that declines have been less severe than was previously suspected. It has nevertheless undergone a rapid population decline, particularly on the central Asian breeding grounds, owing to unsustainable capture for the falconry trade, as well as habitat degradation and the impacts of agrochemicals. Further research to monitor key populations and to clarify the extent of the threat from trapping and its effect on population trends is vital.