In 1995 a working group was formed and, in 1998, a conservation plan identified over 200 actions1,4. By 2004 over 95% of the population was covered by local working groups' conservation plans7. While the success of such local efforts may be controversial, hunting has ceased and significant gains have been made in land protection through conservation easements and land acquisitions7. Current actions include lek enhancement, riparian area restoration, nest habitat treatments, improved livestock management, nest predator research, and education4. Education measures include sponsored grouse viewing, information brochures and talks given in local schools and fairs5. Radio-telemetry and graduate research is helping to determine winter habitat use, and lek sites have been protected5. Hunting of the species has been stopped7,8. In 2005 state and federal employees drafted a 'Rangewide Plan' and have begun contact with local landowners to present voluntary conservation agreements7. Conservation Actions Proposed
Restore and improve habitat, while continuing work to prevent further loss and fragmentation. Support its listing on the Endangered Species Act. Continue population monitoring at key sites. Conduct further ecological research, focussing on survival, dispersal and habitat use at different life stages. Encourage and facilitate the implementation of local and range-wide management plans. Reduce disturbance, especially at active leks. Investigate the possibility of using translocations to augment small populations. Continue work to raise awareness of key issues among stakeholders.
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