IUCN Red List Assessment
Red List Category Year Assessed
Critically Endangered Red List Criteria
Pollard, D., Gordon, I., Williams, S., Flaherty, A. & McAuley, R. Reviewer/s
Shark Specialist Group Australia & Oceania Regional Workshop, March 2003, participants (Shark Red List Authority) Justification
Numbers of Carcharias taurus
in inshore waters of New South Wales (NSW) and southern Queensland (QLD) declined dramatically throughout the 1960s and 1970s due to the combined effects of targeted spearfishing, incidental capture by commercial and recreational fishing and beach protective shark meshing. Numbers in NSW are very low, probably numbering less than 500 and possibly as low as 300. The Critically Endangered assessment is assigned due to observed declines in the numbers of sharks at aggregation sites, a reduction in the number of known aggregation sites and dramatic declines in catch rates in beach protective meshing programs. Although protected in NSW since 1984, they are still subject to incidental capture and there appears to be little or no recruitment at sites where populations have become locally extinct.
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