IUCN Red List Assessment
Red List Category Year Assessed
Lower Risk/conservation dependent Red List Criteria Version
Musick, J.A. Reviewer/s
Musick, J.A. & Fowler, S. (Shark Red List Authority) Justification
A large, slow-growing, late-maturing and low-fecundity coastal species, which is common and widespread in subtropical and warm temperate waters world-wide. It is an important component of shark fisheries in most areas where it occurs, although catch data are sparse. Severely overfished in the western North Atlantic, although the stock still contains over 100,000 individuals and supports an active and now tightly managed fishery. A management plan in US waters implemented in 1993 has led to stock stabilisation and the beginning of a recovery.