Adult painted ladies' main defenses are flight and camouflage. The caterpillars hide in small silk nests on top of leaves, and may have chemical defenses, but this is uncertain.
This article is unpublished.
Appears under "Associations"
©1995-2012, The Regents of the University of Michigan and its licensors
© The Regents of the University of Michigan and its licensors
Animal Diversity Web
Marie S. Harris, University of Michigan
Harris, M. 1999. "Vanessa cardui" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed April 04, 2012 at http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Vanessa_cardui.html
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