The creeper is widespread throughout most of the eastern half of the United States through the southern edge of Canada, but absent in Florida, Georgia, and South Carolina. Drainages where it is found include the Interior basin from central Texas to Lake Winnipeg, Canada, and the Canadian Interior basin in the Nelson River from western Ontario to Saskatchewan. In the upper Atlantic drainage it is found in the upper Savannah river system of South Carolina. This species is also found in the St. Lawrence river system and Nova Scotia.
In Michigan this species is widespread throughout river systems in both the upper and lower peninsulas.
Biogeographic Regions: nearctic (Native )