Magellanic penguins primarily inhabit temperate regions of South America, but during the non-breeding season may follow oceanic currents northward into more tropical latitudes. During the breeding season, Magellanic penguins nest on shoreline grassland habitats that provide adequate, shrubby vegetative cover, but are near the ocean so parents can easily forage. This species may also nest within burrows on cliff faces. When not breeding, Magellanic penguins live pelagic lifestyle and spend nearly all of their time off the southern coast of South America. Individuals typically travel anywhere from 100 to 1,000 km off shore. While at sea, this species has been recorded to dive to depths of up to 76.2 meters.
Range depth: 76.2 (high) m.
Habitat Regions: temperate ; terrestrial ; saltwater or marine
Aquatic Biomes: pelagic ; coastal
- 2011. "Magellanic Penguin" (On-line). Wildlife Conservation Society. Accessed February 24, 2011 at http://www.wcs.org/saving-wildlife/birds/magellanic-penguin.aspx.
- Boersma, P., D. Stokes, P. Yorio. 1990. Penguin Biology: Reproductive variability and historical change of Magellanic penguins (Spheniscus magellanicus) at Punta Tombo, Argentina. San Diego: Academic Press.
- Stokes, D., P. Boersma. 1991. Effects of substrate on the distribution of Magellanic Penguin Burrows. The Auk, 108: 923-933. Accessed February 24, 2011 at http://www.jstor.org/pss/4088322.