Sorex cinereus is the second smallest shrew species. Sorex hoyi is slightly smaller. Although similar in size, their coloration is quite different. There is no significant sexual dimorphism in common shrews. Dorsal fur is brown, ventral fur is greyish-white. Pelage tends to be darker overall in winter. The tail is brown above and pale underneath, with a blackish tip. Average length of the tail is 39.9mm, comprising over 40% of the total length. Average length of adults is 99 mm. Young are born hairless and with fused eyelids, they weigh from 0.2 to 0.3 grams and are 15 to 17 mm long including a 3 mm long tail (Nagorsen, 1996; Wilson and Ruff, 1999; van Zyll de Jong, 1983).
Range mass: 2.5 to 4.0 g.
Average length: 99.0 mm.
Sexual Dimorphism: sexes alike
Average basal metabolic rate: 0.238 W.