Mating by this species has never been observed, but females have been found with mating scars on their caudal fins. Therefore, it is inferred that, as is the case with most sharks, males bite females until they submit. Fertilization occurs internally.
Mating System: polygynandrous (promiscuous)
Mating has never been observed in this species and little information is available concerning reproduction in Greenland sharks or related species.
Average number of offspring: 10.
Key Reproductive Features: iteroparous ; gonochoric/gonochoristic/dioecious (sexes separate); sexual ; fertilization (Internal ); ovoviviparous
There is no specific information on parental investment in Greenland sharks. However, most sharks are independent immediately after birth. Females provide developing embryos with rich food sources to support their development.
Parental Investment: pre-fertilization (Provisioning, Protecting: Female); pre-hatching/birth (Provisioning: Female)
- 2005. "Greenland Shark and Elasmobranch Research and Education Group" (On-line). Accessed October 18, 2005 at http://www.geerg.ca.
- Compagno, L. 1984. FAO Species Catalogue Volume 4:Sharks of the World. Rome: United Nations Development Programme.
- Compagno, L., S. Fowler. 2005. Sharks of the World. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press.