Scaphopods are all marine species whose habitat ranges from shallow sub-littoral areas up to waters that are 4570 m deep. Most scaphopods are found in waters greater than 6 m. Scaphopods burrow in sediments ranging from muds to medium-coarse gravel. The two orders of this group may have slightly differing burrowing behaviors. Individuals in the Gadilida may burrow up to 30 cm in captivity. Many species in the Dentaliida burrow with the concave side just below the substrate.
Habitat Regions: saltwater or marine
Aquatic Biomes: benthic ; coastal
Other Habitat Features: intertidal or littoral
- Barnes, R. 1987. Invertebrate Zoology. Orlando, Florida: Dryden Press.
- Lamprell, K., J. Healy. 2001. Scaphopoda. Pp. 85-128 in A Wells, W Houston, eds. Zoological Catalogue of Australia, Vol. 17.2. Melbourne, Australia: CSIRO Publishing.
- Spear, B. 1994. "Introduction to the Scaphopoda, the tusk shells" (On-line). Accessed February 04, 2005 at http://www.ucmp.berkeley.edu/mollusca/scaphs/scaphopoda.html.