Whale sharks prefer oceans of water temperatures between 21 and 25 degrees Celsius where upwelling occurs. This species is found at many depths within open ocean and has been found as deep as 2000 to 3000 m near the Galapagos Islands. Whale sharks may also have a small layer of fat, helping them to survive the cold temperatures when they make a deeper dive (Graham 2006).
Range depth: 0 to 2000 to 3000 m.
Habitat Regions: temperate ; saltwater or marine
Aquatic Biomes: pelagic ; reef
- Australian Government. 2005. Whale Shark (Rhincodon typus) Recovery Plan Issues Paper. Commonwealth of Australia: Department of the Environment and Heritage.
- Colman, J. 1997. A review of the biology and ecology of the whale shark. Journal of Fish Biology, 51: 1219-1234.
- Graham, R., C. Roberts, J. Smart. 2006. Diving behaviour of whale sharks in relation to a predictable food pulse. Journal of the Royal Society Interface, 3: 109-116.