On average, gentoo penguins live to be 13 years old. Most deaths occur within the first year of life, with only a 30 to 50 percent chance of surviving until the next year. Beyond the first year, survival increases to an annual rate of 80 percent.
In captivity, the mean life span for P. papau is 10.5 years. Some individuals have lived to be older; however there are many deaths due to weather patterns (for outside exhibits) and for not maintaining a sufficient diet for the penguins.
Status: wild: 13 years.
Status: captivity: 10.5 years.
- Gailey-Phipps, J. 1978. A world survey of penguins in captivity. International Zoo Yearbook, 18/1: 7-13.
- Gilpin, D. 2007. Penguins: Lifestyle - Habitat - Feeding - Behavior. New York, NY: Parragon Inc.