Adult vaquitas are typically 1.2 to 1.5m in length with females being slightly larger than males. At birth their average length is 0.6-0.7m. Juveniles also have white spots on their dorsal fins.
Phocoena sinus has between 34-40 teeth which are unicuspid, or "acorn like" (Silber, 1990) and a blunted rostral profile. P. sinus are physically similar to the Harbor Porpoise (/Phocoena phocoena/) in many ways with an exception being that the vaquita is more slender. This has been explained in terms of their warmer habitat--the slender body increases surface area/volume ratio thus increasing heat dissipation in a warm environment. This explanation has also been used to explain the occurrence of larger appendages within this species (Hohn et al., 1996).
Range mass: 30 to 55 kg.
Other Physical Features: endothermic ; homoiothermic; bilateral symmetry
Sexual Dimorphism: female larger
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