Phoca vitulina is the most widely distributed pinniped. This species is found in temperate, subarctic, and arctic coastal areas on both sides of the North Atlantic and North Pacific oceans. Five separate subspecies have been identified, each common to a specific coastal region.
Biogeographic Regions: nearctic (Native ); palearctic (Native ); atlantic ocean (Native ); pacific ocean (Native )
Other Geographic Terms: holarctic