Pelecanus philippensis lives in lowland freshwater, brackish, and marine wetland areas of Southeast Asia, mainly near open water. Spot-billed pelicans hunt for food in both freshwater and marine environments, sometimes diving slightly below the surface but never to any great depth. During the breeding season these pelicans require large trees for nesting with a preference for bare or dead trees.
Habitat Regions: tropical ; terrestrial ; saltwater or marine ; freshwater
Aquatic Biomes: lakes and ponds; coastal ; brackish water
Other Habitat Features: estuarine