Economic Importance for Humans: Positive
The role of Ozotoceros bezoarticus in the culture of the Indians was comparable to that played by the bison in the lives of the plains Indians of North America. Later, the pampas deer was hunted commercially for skins for exportation and stomach stones (bezoares) for pseudomedicinal use. Over 2 million skins of Ozotoceros are estimated to have been exported from Argentina in the years 1860-70, and many more were captured in other countries. Official statistics for 1880 indicate that 61,401 skins of pampas deer were shipped from the port of Buenos Aires (Argentina). Also, the pampas deer was hunted locally for food, sport, skins, and stomach stones. Jackson (1987), Nowak (1991).