In fresh water streams and rivers, juvenile coho salmon defend territories and compete for limited feeding sites with other fish. In order to attain these feeding sites, they may charge or chase other fish away, as growth and fitness depend on it. Coho salmon attack prey by sprinting and striking. They are able to maneuver well in order to capture prey. In fresh water, coho eat insects and smaller fish. When they move to the ocean they begin to grow rapidly due to the abundance of food. Once these fish reach the ocean their diet changes to other fish, such as herring and squid (Groot et. al., 1995).
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