Milvus milvus is endemic to the western Palearctic region in Europe and northwest Africa. Formerly, these birds of prey also occurred in northern Iran. They are rare kites that are resident in western Europe and northwest Africa. Red kites from northeastern and central Europe migrate further south and west, reaching south to Turkey for the winter season. Vagrant birds have been recorded as far north as Finland and south in Israel and Libya.
Biogeographic Regions: palearctic (Native )
- Newton, I., P. Davis, D. Moss. 1996. Distribution and Breeding of Red Kites Milvus milvus in Relation to Afforestation and Other Land-use in Wales. The Journal of Applied Ecology, 33: 210-224.
- Snow, D., C. Perrins. 1998. The Birds of the Western Palearctic Concise Edition. Oxford Oxfordshire: Oxford University Press.