Adult Menippe mercenaria generally inhabit sub-tidal regions; they burrow under emergent hard substrate or in seagrass beds. Juvenile stone crabs are found nearshore in marine waters on seagrass beds, or around emergent live rocks in highly dense populations. Some juveniles have been caught in deep channels near the Florida coast. The stone crab larvae travel with the zooplankton, upon which they feed, in nearshore marine environments.
Range depth: <1 to 70 m.
Habitat Regions: saltwater or marine
Aquatic Biomes: coastal
Other Habitat Features: intertidal or littoral
- Bert, T., J. Stevely. 1999. Population Characteristics of the stone crab, *Menippe mercenaria*, in Florida Bay and the Florida Keys. Marine Science, 44(1): 515.
- Gulf Shores Marine Fisheries Commission, 2001. "Summary table of the Stone Crab, *Menippe mercenaria*,: Life History for the Gulf of Mexico" (On-line). Accessed 11/04/04 at http://www.gsmfc.org/pubs/habitat/tables/stonecrab.pdf.