Leucochloridium paradoxum reproduces asexually. The adults are monoecious, or hermaphroditic, although they can cross fertilize when in close proximity. The resulting eggs are released by the worms in the rectum and excreted by the bird host along with its feces.
Key Reproductive Features: simultaneous hermaphrodite; sexual ; asexual ; fertilization (Internal ); oviparous
There is no parental investment beyond the time eggs are released.
Parental Investment: pre-fertilization (Provisioning)
- Erasmus, D. 1972. The Biology of Trematodes. New York: Crane, Russack, & Company.
- Fried, B., T. Graczyk. 1997. Advances in Trematode Biology. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press.
- Roberts, L., J. Janovy Jr.. 2000. Foundations of Parasitology 6th ed.. Boston: McGraw-Hill.