Humans are the primary predators of H. kuda because of their large economic importance ("Project Seahorses", 2003). There are few natural predators of adult seahorses due to their unpalatable bony-plated bodies and their ability to avoid predation through camouflage. However, they have been found in the stomachs of loggerhead sea turtles, tunas, and dorados. Skates, rays, and crabs have also been observed to prey on seahorses.
- humans (Homo sapiens)
- loggerhead sea turtles (Caretta caretta)
- tunas (Scombridae)
- dorados (Coryphaenidae)
- skates and rays (Rajiformes)
- crabs (Decapoda)
Anti-predator Adaptations: cryptic