Spotted seahorses are ambush predators and thrive only on live, moving food (Lally and Hough, 1999; “Project Seahorse”, 2003). They have large appetites and feed mainly on zooplankton, small crustaceans, and larval fishes. Because they are poor swimmers, H. kuda utilize their thick snouts and specialized jaws to suck in their prey (“Project Seahorse”, 2003).
Animal Foods: fish; aquatic or marine worms; aquatic crustaceans; zooplankton
Primary Diet: carnivore (Eats non-insect arthropods); planktivore