Communication and Perception
Monogamous pairs can often be found coiled together or within close proximity to one another (Clayton, 2003). Pairs communicate daily during male pregnancy to reinforce their relationship. (John G. Shedd Aquarium, 2004) The first few stages of the mating ritual are repeated, which include changing body color patterns, dancing, and making clicking sounds. This implies they they communicate through visual cues, sounds, and through touch. Seahorses also perceive their environment with these same senses.
Spotted seahorses are able to maximize their perception of potential prey and predators by moving their eyes independently of each other ("Project Seahorse", 2003).
Communication Channels: visual ; tactile ; acoustic
Perception Channels: visual ; acoustic