This species prefers arid deserts and other regions with a mix of scattered brush for cover and open grassy areas for foraging. For breeding, they require coastal sage scrub or chaparral habitat. In the outer limits of their range they may be found in grasslands and at the edges of woodlands.
Habitat Regions: terrestrial
Terrestrial Biomes: desert or dune ; chaparral ; scrub forest
- Crooks, K., A. Suarez, D. Bolger, M. Soule. 2001. Extinction and Colonization of Birds on Habitat Islands. Conservation Biology, 15: 159-172.
- Kaufman, K. 1996. Lives of North American Birds. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.
- Soule, M., D. Bolger, A. Alberts, J. Wright, M. Sorice, S. Hill. 1988. Reconstructed dynamics of rapid extinctions of chaparral-requiring birds in urban habitat islands. Conservation Biology, 2: 75-92.