At present, there are no conservation issues facing E. robustus. All 17 species of penguins are legally protected from hunting and egg collecting. There are no introduced land predators on Snares Island, however, researchers believe that the introduction of the Norwegian rat (Rattus norvegicus) could pose a serious problem. At present the only predators of adult E. robustus is the Hooker's sea lion. Eggs and chicks are subject to predation by brown skuas and giant petrels. Because the population is restricted to Snares Island, there is no danger from human contact (Sea World 2001).
US Federal List: no special status
CITES: no special status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species: vulnerable