Emys orbicularis, commonly known as European pond turtles, is found in southern and central Europe, northwestern Africa (roughly Morocco through to Tunisia), and in humid areas of the Middle East and Central Asia as far east as the Aral Sea. Historically the species was more common and had a wider distribution than it does today.
Biogeographic Regions: palearctic (Native )
- Gadow, H. 1958. Amphibia and Reptiles. England: Wheldon & Wesley, Ltd..
- Harless, M., H. Morlock. 1979. Turtles: Perspectives and Research. New York: John Wiley & Sons.