Desmognathus ochrophaeus is not listed as endangered by any of these organizations, but is considered vulnerable by COSEWIC (Committee on the Status of Endangered Life in Canada). This is due in large part to overlogging and industrial intrusion into their natural habitats in the deciduous forests. As trees are cut down in deciduous forests for farming and logging industries, the natural habitat of the salamander diminishes and with it goes the population. Logging removes leafy canopies, which increases ground and stream temperatures and lowers humidity levels. This effectively destroys the wet, shady salamander habitat. Another reason for their "vulnerable" status is a change in the water table, either through human activity or climatic variation. Water usage for residential developments, resorts, and industries decreases the amount of available water for Desmognathus ochrophaeus' habitat. Although listed as "vulnerable," nothing is being done to preserve this species. (Hairston 1987).
US Federal List: no special status
CITES: no special status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species: least concern