Although the hellbender has no special status given to it there are still a number of factors which may in the near future change it's status. Agricultural runoff and the acidic runoff from large scale mining operations threaten much of the hellbenders habitat. The most serious threat to the future of the hellbender is the impoudment of rivers and streams for the formation of recreational lakes and hydroelectric facilities. Another threat to the hellbender comes in the form of indiscrimante collecting, for both the pet trade and scientific research (Danch 1996).
US Federal List: no special status
CITES: no special status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species: near threatened
The Eastern Hellbender is listed as a Federal Species of Concern. While this status provides little to no legal protection from private interest it does require federal agencies on public lands to consider the impacts of their actions.