Economic Importance for Humans: Positive
Crotalus atrox is good at controlling rodent problems. It also keeps well in captivity; this makes it a good educational resource in zoos and snake shows. Rattlesnakes are key in Native American culture, in which their flesh, oil, and venom have been used as a food source and as a basis for medicinal preparations for a long time. Rattlesnake skins are regularly used for skin products such as shoes and belts. Rattlesnakes are also prominent on the live-snake market, where they sell for $2 to $3 per foot (Klauber 158).