The oldest populations of mediterranean fruit flies (a.k.a. medflies) can be traced back to the African tropics in the Ethiopian biogeographic region. This species is native to both the Ethiopian and Palearctic regions, and introduced populations have since been discovered in all of the biogeographic regions.
Transportation of fresh fruit by air (either commercially, or incidentally by travelers) has greatly increased the risk of accidental introduction of this species into other parts of the world, and strong efforts are made to prevent its spread.
Biogeographic Regions: nearctic (Introduced ); palearctic (Native ); oriental (Introduced ); ethiopian (Native ); neotropical (Introduced ); australian (Introduced ); oceanic islands (Introduced )
Other Geographic Terms: cosmopolitan
- Copeland, R., R. Wharton, Q. Luke, M. Meyer. 2002. Indigenous Hosts of Ceratitis capitata (Diptera:Tephritidae) in Kenya. Annals of the Entomological Society of America, 95/6: 672-694. Accessed November 12, 2005 at http://www.bioone.org/bioone/?request=get-document&issn=0013-8746&volume=095&issue=06&page=0672.
- Dekker, L., R. Messing. 2005. "Introduction to Managing Fruit Flies in Hawai'i" (On-line). http://www.extento.hawaii.edu. Accessed November 12, 2005 at http://www.extento.hawaii.edu/kbase/reports/fruit_pest.htm.
- Thomas, M., J. Heppner, R. Woodruff, H. Weems, G. Steck. 2001. "Featured Creatures" (On-line). Accessed October 10, 2005 at http://creatures.ifas.ufl.edu/fruit/Mediterranean_fruit_fly.htm.
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