In the Garissa area, hirola are preyed on by lions and hunting dogs, while in the Tsavo region, they are preyed on by cheetahs and lions. Hyenas and eagles prey on young soon after birth and before the mother and calf rejoin the herd. Poaching plays a role in the 'predation' of Hirola. The poachers are composed of military personal, civilians, herdsmen, and local gangs.
Hirola avoid predation by remaining in the herd, thereby relying on the vigilance of many individuals.