Water voles seek safety in their burrows and restrict their movements mainly to areas of dense vegetative cover to avoid predation. Their prodigious reproductive rates generally help to maintain viable populations under predation stress by natural predators. However, non-native American mink (Neovison vison) are decimating water vole populations in the British Isles.
- European minks (Mustela lutreola)
- otters (Lutrinae)
- harriers (Circus)
- common buzzards (Buteo buteo)
- herons (Ardeidae)
- pikes (Esox)
Anti-predator Adaptations: cryptic