These spiders are found from occur from southern Canada south through the lower 48 United States, Mexico, and Central America as far south as Costa Rica.
Biogeographic Regions: nearctic (Native )
- Milne, L., M. Milne. 1980. The Audubon Society Field Guide to North American Insects and Spiders. New York: Alfred A. Knopf.
- Platnick, N. 2004. "Fam. Araneidae, Simon 1895" (On-line). The World Spider Catalog, V4.5. Accessed May 21, 2004 at http://research.amnh.org/entomology/spiders/catalog/ARANEIDAE.html.
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